Fun Geography Facts and Geography Trivia
Mexico City is the oldest capital city in the Americas. More water flows over Niagara Falls every year than over any other falls on earth. Most landfilled trash retains its original weight, volume, and form for 40 years. New Jersey, with 96, is the US state with the greatest number of hazardous waste sites. Quito in Ecuador, South America, is said to have the most pleasant climate in the world. It is called the 'Land of Eternal Spring.' The temperature rarely drops below 46 degrees Fahrenheit during the night, or exceeds 72 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. St. Augustine, Florida is the oldest city in the US. The 1st US zoo was built in Philadelphia, PA, in 1876. The abbreviation 'ORD' for Chicago's O'Hare airport comes from the old name 'Orchard Field.' The Arctic ocean is the smallest and shallowest. It is mostly covered by solid ice, ice floes, and icebergs The Atlantic Ocean is saltier than the Pacific Ocean. The border between Canada and the U.S. is the world's longest frontier. It stretches 3,987 miles (6,416 km). The city of St. Petersburg, Russia, was founded in 1703 by Peter the Great, hence the name, St. Petersburg. But it wasn't always that simple. In 1914, at the beginning of World War I, Russian leaders felt that Petersburg was too German-sounding. So they changed the name of the city to Petrograd -- to make it more Russian-sounding. Then, in 1924, the country's Soviet Communist leaders wanted to honor the founder of the Soviet Union, Vladimir I. Lenin. The city of Petrograd became Leningrad and was known as Leningrad until 1991 when the new Russian legislators -- no longer Soviet Communists -- wanted the city to reflect their change of government. The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World's Fair. The first city to reach a population of 1 million people was Rome, Italy in 133 B.C. London, England reached the mark in 1810 and New York, USA made it in 1875. Today, there are over 300 cities in the world that boast a population in excess of 1 million. The flag of the Philippines is the only national flag that is flown differently during times of peace or war. A portion of the flag is blue, while the other is red. The blue portion is flown on top in time of peace and the red portion is flown in war time. The Fresh Kills Landfill site on Staten Island, New York, opened in 1948, is the world's largest. It covers 3,000 acres and received up to 14,000 tons of garbage a day. It reached capacity and closed by the year 2002. The Great Lakes are Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Superior, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. The Great Lakes are the most important inland waterway in North America. All the lakes, except Lake Michigan, which lies entirely in the United States, are shared by the United States and Canada and form part of the border between these countries. The Great Lakes contain 6 quadrillion gallons of fresh water, one-fifth of the world's fresh surface water. The Great Lakes are the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world. The Great Lakes have a combined area of 94,230 square miles - larger than the states of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Vermont combined. The Hollywood sign was first erected in 1923. Conceived as a real estate ad, it originally read Hollywoodland. The sign stands 50 feet tall, stretches 450 feet across, weighs 450,000 pounds. The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is 672.